OphthaTherapy https://www.journalsmededu.pl/index.php/ophthatherapy <p>"OphthaTherapy. Therapies in Ophthalmology" (abbr.: OphthaTherapy) is a peer-reviewed scientific quarterly publishing papers in: ophthalmology, ophthalmic surgery (including minimally invasive surgery and laser therapy), pharmacological treatment of eye diseases, including glaucoma, as well as work in the contactology. The journal is on the list of the Polish Ministry of Science and Higher Education. For publishing the article, the author receives 20 points.<br>We encourage you to submit: original papers, review articles, case reports, rapid communication, research letters, hypotheses, meeting proceedings, letter to the editor. We guarantee fast publication. There are no submission or processing charges.</p> <p><strong>"OphthaTherapy" accepts submissions in English only. Other language versions may be published as additional ones.</strong><br><br><strong><span lang="en-GB">e-ISSN: </span></strong><span lang="en-GB">2543-9987</span><span lang="en-GB">&nbsp;</span><strong><span lang="en-GB"> &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;ISSN: 2353-7175 &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; DOI: </span></strong><span lang="en-GB">10.24292/01.OT<br><br></span><strong><span lang="en-GB">Indexed in:&nbsp;</span></strong><span lang="en-GB">Polish Journals Master List: <strong>20 points<br></strong>&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;Index Copernicus:<strong><strong class="ng-binding">72.79</strong></strong><br></span><span lang="en-GB">&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;Google Scholar<br></span>&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; Polish Scientific Journal Database<br>&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; ARIANTA<br>&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; WorldCat</p> en-US <p><strong>Copyright: © Medical Education sp. z o.o.</strong> License allowing third parties to copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format and to remix, transform, and build upon the material, provided the original work is properly cited and states its license.</p> <p><em>Address reprint requests to: Medical Education, Marcin Kuźma (<a href="mailto:marcin.kuzma@mededu.pl">marcin.kuzma@mededu.pl</a>)</em></p> marcin@journalsmededu.pl (Marcin Kuźma) m.maslowski@mededu.pl (Marcin Masłowski) Wed, 31 Mar 2021 00:00:00 +0200 OJS http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 Current classification of macular neovascularization in the course of AMD based on the Consensus Nomenclature for Reporting Neovascular Age-Related Macular Degeneration Data https://www.journalsmededu.pl/index.php/ophthatherapy/article/view/1305 <p>Despite the improvement of diagnostic and therapeutic techniques age-related macular degeneration is still one of the main causes of central vision impairment.</p> <p>Throughout the years, the classification of subretinal neovascularization in the course of age-related macular degeneration has changed due to the advancement of diagnostic and therapeutic techniques. In 2020 an expert panel reached consensus on a new nomenclature for neovascularization in the course of age-related macular degeneration introducing the concept of macular neovascularization, which refers to each neovascularization in macula, regardless of the location.</p> Anna Piotrowicz , Katarzyna Paczwa , Joanna Gołębiewska , Radosław Różycki Copyright (c) http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/ https://www.journalsmededu.pl/index.php/ophthatherapy/article/view/1305 Wed, 31 Mar 2021 00:00:00 +0200 The drug program for wet form of AMD – the effectiveness of treatments based on diagnostics tests and patients opinion https://www.journalsmededu.pl/index.php/ophthatherapy/article/view/1124 <p>In people over 45 AMD is considered main reason for decrease in acuity of vision and blindness (amaurosis/ablepsia/typhlosis). The wAMD treating may require an immediate using of anti-VEGF eye injections (into the vitreous cavity). The AMD treatment program with ranibizumab and aflibercept has been available in Poland since 2015. The research aim was to evaluate the efficiency of the AMD treatment program in 98 patients participated in the AMD treatment program. Patients have been examined using diagnostic trials and diagnostic survey.</p> Urszula Michalik-Marcinkowska , Ilona Jas , Andrzej Misiak , Dariusz Dobrowolski Copyright (c) 2020 Medical Education https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/ https://www.journalsmededu.pl/index.php/ophthatherapy/article/view/1124 Tue, 05 Jan 2021 00:00:00 +0100 The role of balanced supplementation in diet of age-related macular degeneration patients https://www.journalsmededu.pl/index.php/ophthatherapy/article/view/1159 <p><strong>Aim</strong>: The aim of the article was to discuss the role of balanced supplementation in diet of age-related macular degeneration patients.</p> <p><strong>Methods</strong>: This review was carried out using comprehensive and systematic literature reports on the role of supplementation of vitamin D, vitamin C, vitamin E, vitamin B6, vitamin B12, zinc, lutein, zeaxanthin, omega-3 acid and folic acid in the prevention of AMD.</p> <p><strong>Results</strong>: Vitamins, minerals and carotenoids are essential for the proper retinal function over an inflammation and immune response modulation.</p> <p><strong>Conclusions</strong>: Vitamins, minerals and carotenoids discussed in the article have anti-inflammatory and antioxidative properties in the management of AMD progression. Accordingly, it is relevant to assure the appropriate level of these nutrients in a diet of AMD patients.</p> Iwona Kusz vel Sobczuk , Anna Święch Copyright (c) 2021 Medical Education https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/ https://www.journalsmededu.pl/index.php/ophthatherapy/article/view/1159 Mon, 15 Mar 2021 00:00:00 +0100 Efficacy of visual process improvement in patients with homonymous hemianopia https://www.journalsmededu.pl/index.php/ophthatherapy/article/view/1171 <p>Homonymous hemianopia is a visual field defect following a stroke, tumor development, traumatic brain injury and other rare causes. Due to the damage to the visual system, lateral neglect occurs that induces difficulties with detecting objects on one side of the binocular visual field, which exposes patients to potential danger during daily activities, especially performed outside – in traffic. Different optical aids such as Fresnel prism have been developed to help those patients by increasing the perception of the affected hemifield. This prism correction can appear in various configurations, for instance: yoked prism, monocular and binocular sector prisms placed with a base to the affected side. The other option to deal with these patients is visual training based on stimulating the affected hemifield.</p> Sławomir Nogaj , Katarzyna Dubas , Andrzej Michalski Copyright (c) 2021 Medical Education http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/ https://www.journalsmededu.pl/index.php/ophthatherapy/article/view/1171 Thu, 18 Mar 2021 00:00:00 +0100 Idebenone – a new drug for patients with Leber's hereditary optic neuropathy https://www.journalsmededu.pl/index.php/ophthatherapy/article/view/1160 <p>Leber's Hereditary Optic Neuropathy is a rare disease caused by a mutation in the mitochondrial DNA. It appears most often in young men, leading to profound, permanent loss of vision in a short time. There is no specific treatment for this condition.<br>Idebenone is a medicine that administered to patients with Leber's hereditary optic neuropathy improves or stops the deterioration of vision. Increasing the number of people during therapy and the duration of treatment will allow in the future to answer the question, whether this drug is effective and safe in a larger group of patients.</p> Dorota Szumny , Karolina Czajor , Małgorzata Mulak Copyright (c) 2021 Medical Education http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/ https://www.journalsmededu.pl/index.php/ophthatherapy/article/view/1160 Wed, 17 Mar 2021 00:00:00 +0100 Stereopsis deficiency treatment using virtual reality games in exotropic candidate for firefighter https://www.journalsmededu.pl/index.php/ophthatherapy/article/view/1105 <p><strong>Background</strong>: Impaired stereopsis very often limits career options for patients with binocular vision disorders. Eyesight requirements for some occupations like police officers and firefighters usually include perfect visual acuity. In Poland, candidates for these professions must also demonstrate perfect stereopsis. The presented case study aims to demonstrate that vision therapy (VT1) mixed with new technologies may be an effective treatment for young adults who do not meet the chosen occupation's visual requirements.</p> <p><strong>Case report</strong>: A case of a young man diagnosed with intermittent exotropia and poor stereopsis is discussed. Poor stereopsis did not allow him to pass the ophthalmological qualification tests to the fire academy. Vision therapy was implemented to improve stereopsis. The case report presents the patient’s treatment implemented within 4 years. The patient started with prismatic correction, then received the office-based VT with home reinforcement. The improvement in fusional vergence and the control of deviation was observed. Nevertheless, the patient was still stereo-deficient. 3 years later, Binocular Vision Therapy in Virtual Reality (BVTVR2) was recommended. The patient received home-based therapy for 16 weeks (60 minutes per day), which has resulted in significant improvement of stereopsis. As a result, he finally met the visual requirements to become a firefighter.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion</strong>: BVTVR appears to be a promising rehabilitation method for patients with poor stereopsis. Three-dimensional anti-suppression therapy and dynamic, real-life stereopsis training seem to be a more effective treatment of poor stereopsis compared to standard VT techniques.</p> Dorota Maciaszek , Monika Wojtczak-Kwaśniewska Copyright (c) 2020 Medical Education https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/ https://www.journalsmededu.pl/index.php/ophthatherapy/article/view/1105 Thu, 03 Dec 2020 00:00:00 +0100 CD30-positive T-cell lymphoproliferation of the bulbar conjuntival mucosa showing spontaneous remission https://www.journalsmededu.pl/index.php/ophthatherapy/article/view/1176 <p><strong>Introduction</strong>: CD30-positive T-cell lymphoproliferative lesions represent a spectrum of heterogeneous disorders.</p> <p><strong>Clinical case</strong>: An incision biopsy was performed in a 25-year-old man with a lump in the bulbar conjunctiva. Immunohistochemistry indicated membrane positivity for CD3 and CD30 in over 75%. PCR identified the monoclonal nature of the T-cells. The hematological study was normal. Following biopsy, the conjunctival tumor diminished until disappear.</p> <p><strong>Conclusions</strong>: Mucosal CD30-positive T-cell lymphoproliferation could be ascribed to a reactive process but it is necessary to rule out a primary conjunctival tumor or the first manifestation of an anaplastic large cell lymphoma.</p> Paula Marticorena Álvarez , Guadalupe Garrido Ceca , Mercedes Guijarro Rojas Copyright (c) 2021 Medical Education http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/ https://www.journalsmededu.pl/index.php/ophthatherapy/article/view/1176 Fri, 19 Mar 2021 00:00:00 +0100 Retrospective evaluation of complicated cataract surgeries with sulcus implantation of single-piece foldable intraocular lenses https://www.journalsmededu.pl/index.php/ophthatherapy/article/view/1122 <p><strong>Objectives</strong>: To evaluate the results of treatment in a group of patients undergoing cataract phacoemulsification with sulcus implantation of single-piece foldable intraocular lenses.</p> <p><strong>Material and methods</strong>: A total of 24 eyes of 24 patients, who underwent cataract phacoemulsification in the Department of Ophthalmology at the Central Clinical Hospital of the Ministry of Interior and Administration in Warsaw in 2008–2015 was included. As a result of intraoperative rupture of the posterior lens capsule, single-piece foldable intraocular lens was implanted into the ciliary sulcus. Visual acuity, intraocular pressure, anterior and posterior segment of the eyes were assessed before the surgery, on days 1 and 7 after the surgery and in the period of 6 to 84 months after the surgery.</p> <p><strong>Results</strong>: During the follow-up period from 6 months to 7 years, an improvement in BCVA was shown by an average of 0.2 on the Snellen chart. Complication included: pigment dispersion (42%), increased intraocular pressure or the need to modify antiglaucoma treatment (25%), iris transillumination defect (17%).</p> <p><strong>Conclusions</strong>: In the case of cataract phacoemulsification complicated by rupture of the posterior lens capsule, sulcus implantation of a single-piece foldable intraocular lens improves visual acuity, but poses a risk of developing secondary glaucoma. If we choose such a solution, we should provide patients with the possibility of regular checkups. Due to relatively frequent complications, in cases of cataract surgery with posterior capsule rupture, the authors recommend choosing other fixation methods.</p> Daniel Czyżewski , Joanna Sempińska-Szewczyk , Ewa Filipiak , Radosław Kaźmierczak , Grzegorz Róg Copyright (c) 2020 Medical Education https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/ https://www.journalsmededu.pl/index.php/ophthatherapy/article/view/1122 Tue, 29 Dec 2020 00:00:00 +0100 Individualizing approach to management of refractive errors https://www.journalsmededu.pl/index.php/ophthatherapy/article/view/1307 <p>The proper choice of the method of refractive error correction is essential for both achieving optimal results and patient satisfaction. This selection should be based on the results of a detailed pre-examination, patient expectationsand the refractive surgeon’s personal experience. The article presents the main criteria for selecting the most commonly used corneal and intraocular methods for the correction of all refractive errors.</p> Joanna Wierzbowska , Marcin Smorawski , Dominik Uram Copyright (c) http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/ https://www.journalsmededu.pl/index.php/ophthatherapy/article/view/1307 Wed, 31 Mar 2021 00:00:00 +0200 Dry eye syndrome in the postoperative period after laser vision correction https://www.journalsmededu.pl/index.php/ophthatherapy/article/view/1308 <p>The paper presents the results of research on the occurrence, severity and persistence of the dry eye syndrome in patients after laser vision correction. The patients were treated with preservative-free lubricating eye drops, with a specific percentage of sodium hyaluronate.<br>The research was carried out on a group of 70 patients who underwent laser vision correction.</p> Małgorzata Tomczak , Anna Chomicka , Andrzej Dmitriew Copyright (c) http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/ https://www.journalsmededu.pl/index.php/ophthatherapy/article/view/1308 Wed, 31 Mar 2021 00:00:00 +0200