Strategies to mitigate the risk from COVID-19 in ophthalmology Review article

Main Article Content

Ali Poostchi
Joanna K. Dereń

Abstract

Many countries, including Poland, are currently dealing with a second wave of COVID-19 infections. There is a pressing need to adapt to the new reality and develop new ways of working in order to deliver essential services safely. In the medical sector, there is a special need to deliver uninterrupted high quality care while minimizing the risk of disease transmission. In this article, we summarize the evidence on the transmission dynamics and ophthalmic features of COVID-19 and suggest a hierarchical approach to infection control, in order to help practitioners understand and mitigate the risks they face each day.

Article Details

How to Cite
1.
Poostchi A, Dereń JK. Strategies to mitigate the risk from COVID-19 in ophthalmology. Ophthatherapy [Internet]. 2020Dec.30 [cited 2021Mar.8];7(4):356-60. Available from: https://www.journalsmededu.pl/index.php/ophthatherapy/article/view/1123
Section
Covid – special report

References

1. Wells WF. On air-borne infection. Study II. Droplets and Droplet Nuclei. Am J Epidemiol. 1934; 20: 611-8.
2. World Health Organization. Report of the WHO-China Joint Mission on Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19). 2020.
3. van Doremalen N, Bushmaker T, Morris DH et al. Aerosol and Surface Stability of SARS-CoV-2 as Compared with SARS-CoV-1. N Engl J Med. 2020: NEJMc2004973.
4. Perencevich EN, Diekema DJ, Edmond MB. Moving Personal Protective Equipment Into the Community: Face Shields and Containment of COVID-19. JAMA. 2020; 323: 2252-3.
5. Chu DK, Akl EA, Duda S et al. Physical distancing, face masks, and eye protection to prevent person-to-person transmission of SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Lancet. 2020; 395: 1973-87.
6. Alwitry A, Jackson E, Chen H et al. The use of surgical facemasks during cataract surgery: is it necessary? Br J Ophthalmol. 2002; 86: 975-7.
7. Noti JD, Lindsley WG, Blachere FM et al. Detection of Infectious Influenza Virus in Cough Aerosols Generated in a Simulated Patient Examination Room. Clin Infect Dis. 2012; 54: 1569-77.
8. Radonovich LJ, Simberkoff MS, Bessesen MT et al. N95 Respirators vs Medical Masks for Preventing Influenza Among Health Care Personnel: A Randomized Clinical Trial. JAMA. 2019; 322: 824-33.
9. Long Y, Hu T, Liu L et al. Effectiveness of N95 respirators versus surgical masks against influenza: A systematic review and meta‐analysis. J Evid Based Med. 2020: jebm.12381.
10. Bhaskar ME, Arun S. SARS-CoV-2 Infection Among Community Health Workers in India Before and After Use of Face Shields. JAMA. 2020; 324: 1348.
11. Elkington P, Morgan H. Personal respirators for population level control of the COVID19 pandemic. J Infect. 2020; 81: 318-56.
12. Poostchi A, Kuet M-L, Pegg K et al. Efficacy of slit lamp breath shields. Eye (Lond). 2020; 34: 1185-6.
13. Zeng W, Wang X, Li J et al. Association of Daily Wear of Eyeglasses With Susceptibility to Coronavirus Disease 2019 Infection. JAMA Ophthalmol. 2020; 138: 1196.
14. Seah IYJ, Anderson DE, Kang AEZ et al. Assessing Viral Shedding and Infectivity of Tears in Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) Patients. Ophthalmology. 2020; 127(7): 977-9.
15. Kariwa H, Fujii N, Takashima I. Inactivation of SARS coronavirus by means of povidone-iodine, physical conditions and chemical reagents. Dermatology (Basel). 2006; 212(suppl 1): 119-23.
16. Li O, Kapetanakis V, Claoué C. Simultaneous Bilateral Endophthalmitis after Immediate Sequential Bilateral Cataract Surgery: What’s the Risk of Functional Blindness? Am J Ophthalmol. 2014; 157: 749-51.e1.