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Currently, surgery methods of pediatric cataracts allow obtaining good visual acuity in operated children. The operation should be performed in infants over 2 months of age because of more frequent occurrence of glaucoma in earlier operated patients. In children under 10 years of age posterior capsulotomy and anterior vitrectomy are required during surgery to prevent opacification of the posterior lens capsule after surgery. Due to the frequent occurrence of opacities in the visual axis, it is recommended no to implant intraocular lenses in infants under 7th month of life (2nd year of life according to some recommendations).
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