Individualizing approach to management of refractive errors Review article

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Joanna Wierzbowska
Marcin Smorawski
Dominik Uram


The proper choice of the method of refractive error correction is essential for both achieving optimal results and patient satisfaction. This selection should be based on the results of a detailed pre-examination, patient expectationsand the refractive surgeon’s personal experience. The article presents the main criteria for selecting the most commonly used corneal and intraocular methods for the correction of all refractive errors.


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Wierzbowska J, Smorawski M, Uram D. Individualizing approach to management of refractive errors. Ophthatherapy [Internet]. 2021Mar.31 [cited 2022Aug.16];8(1):58-4. Available from:
Surgery and laser therapy


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