Glaucoma and cataract: the effect of the phacoemulsification procedures and the combined procedures on the intraocular pressure

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Marta Misiuk-Hojło
Katarzyna Zimmer

Abstract

Glaucoma, according to the WHO, is the second most common cause of blindness after cataract. These two diseases: however, often occur together and greatly affect each other. The procedure, including the appropriate qualification, the surgery itself and post-operative care, varies depending on the disease severity, the earlier medical history and the treatment of each of these diseases. In the current society, the number of patients suffering from glaucoma and at the same time in need of the cataract surgery is increasing. Currently, the most common method of cataract removal is phacoemulsification procedure with the implantation of artificial lens. Research suggests a decrease in intraocular pressure after such surgery, which has a beneficial effect especially in patients treated for glaucoma. This effect: however, is not long-lasting, which is why the procedures combining phacoemulsification with the anti-glaucoma treatment are often used, causing a longer lasting reduction of intraocular pressure. Certainly, the final result depends on many factors, including the type of glaucoma and the selected anti-glaucoma treatment. There are many studies comparing various therapeutic approaches in the case of the coexistence of these two leading ophthalmic diseases.

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1.
Misiuk-Hojło M, Zimmer K. Glaucoma and cataract: the effect of the phacoemulsification procedures and the combined procedures on the intraocular pressure. Ophthatherapy [Internet]. 2019Sep.30 [cited 2021Dec.9];6(3):172-6. Available from: https://www.journalsmededu.pl/index.php/ophthatherapy/article/view/947
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